Paul Cezanne

Quick Facts

Full NamePaul Cézanne
Born19 January 1839
Place of BirthAix-en-Provence, France
Died22 October 1906 (aged 67)
Place of DeathAix-en-Provence, France
Resting PlaceSaint-Pierre Cemetery
EducationAcadémie Suisse, Aix-Marseille University
Known forPainting
Notable Works– Mont Sainte-Victoire (1885–1906)
– Apothéose de Delacroix (1890–1894)
– Rideau, Cruchon et Compotier (1893–94)
– The Card Players (1890–1895)
– The Bathers (1898–1905)
Art MovementsImpressionism, Post-Impressionism
InfluencesIntroduced new modes of representation; influenced avant-garde movements of the early 20th century
Artistic CharacteristicsRepetitive, exploratory brushstrokes; use of planes of colour; small brushstrokes forming complex fields
Artistic GoalsRenewal of traditional design methods; emphasis on underlying structure and formal qualities of art; intense study of subjects
ReceptionInitially faced incomprehension and ridicule; later recognized and supported by fellow artists and art dealer Ambroise Vollard
LegacyConsidered a bridge between late 19th-century Impressionism and early 20th-century Cubism; influenced artists like Henri Matisse and Pablo Picasso who said “Cézanne is the father of us all.”

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