Claude Monet

Quick Facts

Full NameOscar-Claude Monet
Date of Birth14 November 1840
Place of BirthParis, Kingdom of France
Date of Death5 December 1926
Place of DeathGiverny, France
EducationAcadémie Suisse, Beaux-Arts de Paris
Years Active1865–1926
Known ForPainting
Notable WorksImpression, Sunrise; Rouen Cathedral series; London Parliament series; Water Lilies; Haystacks; Poplars
Art MovementImpressionism
SpousesCamille Doncieux (m. 1870; died 1879), Alice Hoschedé (m. 1892; died 1911)
ChildrenJean, Michel
PatronsGustave Caillebotte, Ernest Hoschedé, Georges Clemenceau, Sergei Shchukin
InfluencesEugène Boudin (introduced him to plein air painting)
Key ThemesNature, light, and the changing seasons
Early LifeRaised in Le Havre, Normandy; lost his mother at age of 16
Career HighlightsCo-founded the Impressionist movement; known for plein-air landscape painting
Living in GivernyLived in Giverny from 1883; created a vast garden and water-lily pond, which inspired many paintings
Famous SeriesHaystacks (1890–1891), Rouen Cathedral (1892–1894), Water Lilies (late works)
Later Life and LegacyRegained fame and popularity in the second half of the 20th century; considered one of the world’s most famous painters and a precursor to modernism

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