Diego Velázquez

Quick Facts

Full NameDiego Rodríguez de Silva y Velázquez
Date of BirthBaptized 6 June 1599
Place of BirthSeville, Spain
Date of Death6 August 1660
Place of DeathMadrid, Spain
Known ForPainting
Notable WorksThe Surrender of Breda (1634–35), Rokeby Venus (1647–1651), Portrait of Innocent X (1650), Las Meninas (1656), Las Hilanderas (c. 1657)
Art MovementBaroque
Early InfluencesTrained by Francisco Pacheco
Early LifeBorn in Seville to modest circumstances; early gift for art
ApprenticeshipApprenticed to Francisco Pacheco starting in 1611
MarriageMarried Juana Pacheco in 1618
ChildrenTwo daughters: Francisca de Silva Velázquez y Pacheco and Ignacia de Silva Velázquez y Pacheco
CareerLeading artist in the court of King Philip IV of Spain and Portugal
StyleBegan with a precise tenebrist style, later developed freer manner with bold brushwork
InfluenceModel for 19th-century realist and impressionist painters; influenced 20th-century artists like Picasso, Dalí, and Bacon
LegacyMost works in the Spanish royal collection; best collection in Museo del Prado, Madrid
PatronKing Philip IV of Spain
KnighthoodKnighted in the Order of Santiago in 1658
Cultural ImpactPaintings became a model for future artists and are considered significant in Western art history

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