Marcel Duchamp

Quick Facts

Full NameHenri-Robert-Marcel Duchamp
Known AsMarcel Duchamp
Born28 July 1887
Place of BirthBlainville-Crevon, France
Died2 October 1968 (aged 81)
Place of DeathNeuilly-sur-Seine, France
Known ForPainting, sculpture, film
Art MovementsCubism, Dada, conceptual art
Notable Works– Nude Descending a Staircase, No. 2 (1912)
– Fountain (1917)
– The Bride Stripped Bare By Her Bachelors, Even (1915–1923)
– LHOOQ (1919)
– Étant donnés (1946–1966)
Spouses– Lydie Sarazin-Lavassor (m. 1927; div. 1928)
– Alexina “Teeny” Sattler (m. 1954)
Partners– Mary Reynolds (1929–1946)
– Maria Martins (1946–1951)
Siblings– Jacques Villon (painter, printmaker)
– Raymond Duchamp-Villon (sculptor)
– Suzanne Duchamp-Crotti (painter)
Early EducationLycée Pierre-Corneille, Rouen
Early InfluencesBrother Jacques Villon, academic drawing teacher
Early Artistic StyleDrawings and watercolors of his sister, Impressionist landscapes
PhilosophyArt should serve the mind rather than merely please the eye; rejected purely “retinal” art
ImpactImmense influence on 20th- and 21st-century art, seminal influence on conceptual art
Career Highlights– Co-founder of Dada movement
– Developed ready-mades (e.g., Fountain)
LegacyAlong with Picasso and Matisse, one of the three artists who defined revolutionary developments in 20th-century art
Biographical FactsEnjoyed cultural activities from a young age, inspired by his maternal grandfather’s art, strong familial bond with artistic siblings
Additional InterestsChess player

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