Allama Iqbal


Full NameSir Muhammad Iqbal
HonorificAllama (علامه)
Date of Birth9 November 1877
Place of BirthSialkot, Punjab, British India (now in Pakistan)
Date of Death21 April 1938
Place of DeathLahore, Punjab, British India (now in Pakistan)
Resting PlaceMazar-e-Iqbal, Lahore
NationalityBritish Indian
Education– Scotch Mission College (FA)
– Government College (BA, MA)
– University of Cambridge (BA)
– University of Munich (PhD)
OccupationsPhilosopher, author, politician
Notable Works– Bang-e-Dara
– Tarana-e-Milli
– The Secrets of the Self
– The Secrets of Selflessness
– Message from the East
– Persian Psalms
– Javid Nama
– Sare Jahan se Accha
InstitutionsCo-founder of Jamia Millia Islamia
ThesisThe Development of Metaphysics in Persia (1908)
Doctoral AdvisorFritz Hommel
LanguagesUrdu, Persian, English, Punjabi
Main Interests– Urdu literature
– Persian poetry
– Islamic history
– Islamic revival
Notable IdeasAllahabad Address (1930)
Key Contributions– Prominent poet and philosopher in South Asia
– Advocate of cultural and political ideal for Muslims in British India
– Major influence on the Pakistan Movement
HonorsKnighted for his literary works
Cultural RecognitionKnown as Eghbal-e Lahouri in Iran
Political Involvement– Punjab Legislative Council (1927)
– Positions in All-India Muslim League
Legacy– National poet of Pakistan
– Honored with titles such as Hakim ul-Ummat and Mufakkir-e-Pakistan
– Birth anniversary is a public holiday in Pakistan
Background– Punjabi-Kashmiri ancestry
– Family migrated from Kashmir during the Sikh Empire’s conquests
Family– Father: Sheikh Noor Muhammad
– Mother: Imam Bibi
Mother’s DeathExpressed his sorrow in a poetic elegy

His love of the Persian language is evident in his works and poetry. He says in one of his poems:

گرچہ ہندی در عذوبت شکر است

garchi Hindi dar uzūbat shakkar ast

طرز گفتار دري شيرين تر است

tarz-i guftar-i Dari shirin tar ast


Prose book in Urdu
  • Ilm ul Iqtisad (1903)
Prose books in English
  • The Development of Metaphysics in Persia (1908)
  • The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam (1930)
Poetic books in Persian
  • Asrar-i-Khudi (1915)
  • Rumuz-i-Bekhudi (1917)
  • Payam-i-Mashriq (1923)
  • Zabur-i-Ajam (1927)
  • Javid Nama (1932)
  • Pas Cheh Bayed Kard ai Aqwam-e-Sharq (1936)
  • Armughan-e-Hijaz (1938)[51][50][63] (in Persian and Urdu)
Poetic books in Urdu
  • Bang-i-Dara (1924)
  • Bal-i-Jibril (1935)
  • Zarb-i Kalim (1936)

Related Articles

Check Also
Back to top button