Nawabzada Liaquat Ali Khan

Quick Facts

Full NameLiaquat Ali Khan
Date of BirthOctober 1, 1895
Place of BirthKarnal, Punjab, British India (present-day Haryana, India)
Date of DeathOctober 16, 1951
Place of DeathRawalpindi, West Punjab, Dominion of Pakistan (present-day Punjab, Pakistan)
Manner of DeathAssassination
Resting PlaceMazar-e-Quaid
NationalityBritish Indian (1895–1947), Pakistani (1947–1951)
Political PartyAll-India Muslim League (1921–1947), Pakistan Muslim League (1947–1951)
SpouseRa’ana Liaquat Ali Khan (m. 1932–1951)
Alma MaterAligarh Muslim University (BSc in Political Science), Oxford University (LL.B. in Jurisprudence)
1st Prime Minister of PakistanAugust 15, 1947 – October 16, 1951
1st Minister of DefenceAugust 15, 1947 – October 16, 1951
1st Minister of Foreign AffairsAugust 15, 1947 – December 27, 1949
Minister for Kashmir and Frontier AffairsAugust 15, 1947 – October 16, 1951
Minister of Finance of British IndiaOctober 29, 1946 – August 14, 1947
President of the Pakistan Muslim LeagueSeptember 11, 1948 – October 17, 1951
Significant ContributionsDetails
Pakistan MovementLeading figure, known as Quaid-e-Millat (Leader of the Nation)
Cold War AlignmentAligned Pakistan with the United States-led Western Bloc
Objectives ResolutionPromulgated in 1949, stipulated Pakistan was an Islamic democracy
Assassination and LegacyDetails
AssassinationShot dead by Afghan militant Said Akbar on October 16, 1951, in Rawalpindi
Posthumous TitleShaheed-e-Millat (Martyr of the Nation)
LegacyHonored as one of Pakistan’s greatest prime ministers
Family Background and EducationDetails
Family BackgroundWealthy Muslim Rajput family with significant support to the British during the 1857 uprising
EducationEarly education at home and in Karnal; BSc in Political Science and LL.B. from Aligarh Muslim University; LL.B. from Oxford University
Student ActivitiesActive in student unions at Oxford; Honorary Treasurer of the Majlis Society
Early Political CareerDetails
Initial InvolvementInvited to the Indian National Congress; later joined the All-India Muslim League led by Muhammad Ali Jinnah
British India Finance MinisterBrief tenure as Finance Minister in the Interim Government of British India (1946-1947)
Titles and HonorsDetails
Family TitlesRukun-al-Daulah, Shamsher Jang, Nawab Bahadur (titles inherited from his grandfather Nawab Ahmad Ali Khan)
Oxford RecognitionAwarded Master of Law and a Bronze Medallion by the faculty of Oxford University

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