Henri Matisse

Quick Facts

Full NameHenri Émile Benoît Matisse
Birth31 December 1869, Le Cateau-Cambrésis, France
Death3 November 1954 (aged 84), Nice, France
Education– Studied at Académie Julian under William-Adolphe Bouguereau
– Studied at École Nationale des Beaux-Arts under Gustave Moreau
Known forPainting, printmaking, sculpture, drawing, collage
Notable Works– Woman with a Hat (1905)
– The Joy of Life (1906)
– Nu bleu (1907)
– La Danse (1909)
– L’Atelier Rouge (1911)
– The Snail (1953)
MovementFauvism, Modernism, Post-Impressionism
SpouseAmélie Noellie Parayre (married in 1898, divorced in 1939)
PatronsSergei Shchukin, Gertrude Stein, Etta Cone, Claribel Cone, Sarah Stein, Albert C. Barnes
Artistic Style– Intense colorism characterized by the works painted between 1900 and 1905, leading to his association with the Fauves (“wild beasts”)
– Rigorous style developed after 1906 emphasizing flattened forms and decorative pattern
– Classical tradition upheld in his works during the 1920s
– Bolder simplification of form adopted after 1930
Legacy– Alongside Pablo Picasso, regarded as defining revolutionary developments in visual arts in the early 20th century
– Recognized for mastery of expressive language of color and drawing

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