Henri Rousseau

Quick Facts

Full NameHenri Julien Félix Rousseau
Date of BirthMay 21, 1844
Place of BirthLaval, France
Date of DeathSeptember 2, 1910
Place of DeathParis, France
Known forPainting
Notable Works“The Sleeping Gypsy”, “Tiger in a Tropical Storm”, “The Hungry Lion Throws Itself on the Antelope”, “Boy on the Rocks”
MovementPost-Impressionism, Naïve art, Primitivism
NicknameLe Douanier (the customs officer)
Career ChangeStarted painting seriously in his early forties; he retired from his job at age 49 to work on his art full-time
RecognitionRidiculed by critics during his lifetime, he was later recognized as a self-taught genius
InfluenceExerted extensive influence on several generations of avant-garde artists
FamilyMarried Clémence Boitard in 1868 (had six children, only one survived); married Josephine Noury in 1898

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