Henri Cartier Bresson

Quick Facts

Full NameHenri Cartier-Bresson
Date of BirthAugust 22, 1908
Place of BirthChanteloup-en-Brie, France
Date of DeathAugust 3, 2004 (aged 95)
Place of DeathCéreste, France
Burial PlaceMontjustin, France
Alma MaterLycée Condorcet, Paris
OccupationsPhotographer, painter
SpousesRatna Mohini (m. 1937; div. 1967), Martine Franck (m. 1970)
AwardsGrand Prix National de la Photographie (1981), Hasselblad Award (1982)
Notable AchievementsPioneer of street photography, master of candid photography, early user of 35mm film, co-founder of Magnum Photos
Artistic PhilosophyViewed photography as capturing a “decisive moment”
Early LifeBorn to a wealthy family; his father was a textile manufacturer; mother’s family were cotton merchants and landowners
Family BackgroundDescended from Charlotte Corday; lived in a bourgeois neighborhood in Paris
EducationAttended École Fénelon and Lycée Condorcet; influenced by a governess who instilled a love of English
Early InterestsTook holiday snapshots with a Box Brownie, experimented with a 3×4 inch view camera, also sketched
Later LifeLargely discontinued photographic work in the 1970s to focus on painting

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