Isaac Newton

Quick Facts

NameSir Isaac Newton FRS
Born4 January 1643 [O.S. 25 December 1642], Woolsthorpe-by-Colsterworth, Lincolnshire, England
Died31 March 1727 (aged 84) [O.S. 20 March 1726], Kensington, Middlesex, Great Britain
Resting PlaceWestminster Abbey
EducationTrinity College, Cambridge (B.A., 1665; M.A., 1668)
Known forLaws of motion, Universal gravitation, Reflecting telescope, Calculus, Opticks, Newtonian fluid, Empirical law of cooling, Speed of sound calculation, Colour theory
FieldsPhysics, Natural philosophy, Alchemy, Theology, Mathematics, Astronomy, Economics
InstitutionsUniversity of Cambridge, Royal Society, Royal Mint
Academic AdvisorsIsaac Barrow, Benjamin Pulleyn
Notable StudentsRoger Cotes, William Whiston
Major ContributionsFormulated the laws of motion and universal gravitation, built the first practical reflecting telescope, developed a theory of color based on prism experiments, co-developed calculus, established classical mechanics, contributed to optics, introduced Newtonian fluid, formulated an empirical law of cooling, calculated the speed of sound, generalized the binomial theorem to non-integer exponents
Political PartyWhig
Political PositionsMember of Parliament for the University of Cambridge (1689–1690, 1701–1702), President of the Royal Society (1703–1727), Master of the Mint (1699–1727), Warden of the Mint (1696–1699)
AwardsFRS (1672), Knight Bachelor (1705)
PublicationsPhilosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica (1687), Opticks (1704)
Personal BeliefsDevout but unorthodox Christian, privately rejected the doctrine of the Trinity
LegacyKey figure in the Scientific Revolution, his work laid the foundations for classical mechanics, influenced later scientific fields such as special relativity and quantum mechanics, highly regarded by contemporaries and future generations of scientists

Related Articles

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Check Also
Back to top button