Gregor Mendel

Quick Facts

NameGregor Johann Mendel
BornJohann Mendel, 20 July 1822, Heinzendorf bei Odrau (Hynčice), Silesia, Austrian Empire
Died6 January 1884 (aged 61), Brno, Moravia, Austria-Hungary
Alma MaterUniversity of Olomouc, University of Vienna
Known forFounder of the modern science of genetics
InstitutionsSt. Thomas’s Abbey, Brno
ChurchCatholic Church
Ordained25 December 1846
Scientific ContributionsConducted pea plant experiments (1856-1863) establishing laws of heredity (Mendelian inheritance), coined terms “recessive” and “dominant”
Ecclesiastical TitleAbbot of St. Thomas’ Abbey in Brno
Posthumous RecognitionRecognized as the founder of modern genetics
Notable WorksDemonstrated predictable trait inheritance in organisms, published work in 1866, terms “recessive” and “dominant”
Rediscovery of WorkMendel’s laws were independently verified by Erich von Tschermak, Hugo de Vries, and Carl Correns in 1900, leading to the modern age of genetics
BackgroundBorn in a German-speaking family in the Silesian part of the Austrian Empire (today’s Czech Republic)
ExperimentsWorked with seven characteristics of pea plants: plant height, pod shape and color, seed shape and color, flower position, and color; established laws of inheritance

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